Profits UP, Investment DOWN
September 29, 2013
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Profits are definitely up. In fact, as Doug Henwood reports in a post on his Left Business Observer blog, corporations are “flush with cash”:
At last count, U.S. nonfinancial corporations had nearly $16 trillion in financial assets on their balance sheets, almost as much as they have in tangible assets. The gap between internal funds available for investment and actual capital expenditures—what’s called free cash flow—is very wide at around 2% of GDP. That’s down from the high of 3% set a couple of years ago, but sill higher than at any point before 2005.
So, what are corporations doing with all their cash? Well, definitely not investing in new plant or equipment.
Quoting Henwood again:
What matters for the accumulation of real capital is net investment—the gross amount invested every year less the depreciation of the existing capital stock. We’ve just gotten numbers for 2012, and they’re remarkably low. Private sector net nonresidential fixed investment (as a percent of net domestic product, or NDP) fell below 1% in 2009. It’s recovered some, to just over 2% last year, but that’s half the 1950-2000 average, and lower than any year between 1945 and 2009. We won’t have 2013 numbers until August of next year, but it looks like they’ll stay in this depressed neighborhood.
Instead of investing, “corporations are shoveling cash out to their shareholders. Through takeovers, buybacks, and traditional dividends, nonfinancial corporations are transferring an amount equal to 5% of GDP to their shareholders these days—again, down some from recent highs, but very high by historical standards.”
These trends help explain how the top 1% of income earners were able to capture 95% of all the income gains over the period 2009 to 2012. They also help explain why continued stagnation appears the most likely outcome for the years ahead.